How many African-Americans were in the first African-American Senate?

Answer Hiram Revels of Mississippi was the first and only African-American in the first African American U.S. Senate, in 1870. He was a steadfast opponent of racial segregation after the American Civil Wa... Read More »

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Who was the first African-American surgeon?

The first African-American surgeon was Daniel Hale Williams. Williams, who attended St. Luke's Hospital, was a heart surgeon who in 1893 performed the first successful open heart surgery. The patie... Read More »

Who was the first African American to win a Grammy?

Count Basie and Ella Fitzgerald were the first African Americans to win Grammy awards in 1958 (the first year the Grammy Awards took place). Ella Fitzgerald won both the Best Female Vocal Performan... Read More »

The First African American Colleges?

The first African American colleges emerged in the 1830s and aimed to provide an education for liberated slaves. These colleges were formed by the initiatives of various entities, including Quaker ... Read More »

Who was the first African-American congressman?

Joseph Hayne Rainey was the first African-American elected to Congress, in 1870. He represented South Carolina and served in the House of Representatives until 1879. After his tenure in Congress, R... Read More »